Giotto di Bondone

c1267-1337 Italy-Medieval

 

Brief Biography-Giotto de Bondone was born in the village of Vespignano, in the region of Florence in 1267. His father was a peasant farmer who let Giotto out to mind sheep as a young boy. The story has it that Giotto used to draw nature subjects on rocks with a sharp stone to pass the time. One day the renowned artist Cimabue observed his work whilst passing and enquired if he could take him to his studio for training. With the consent of Giotto’s father Bordone, Cimabue tutored him to the extent that he could not teach him any further, Giotto’s skills surpassed that of his master.
Cimabue was called to Assisi to work and Giotto remained behind doing works in the city, the first of many being the high altar of the Badia of Florence. After some time, Cimabue returned to Florence and Giotto went to Assisi, where it is known he frescoed thirty-two stories from the life and deeds of Saint Francis, with these works he was held in the highest esteem. He was summoned to Rome do a commission for Pope Boniface VIII in the Lateran Palace. When he returned to Florence, he set up permanent residence, got married and raised a large family of eight. He journeyed to Padua to paint in the private chapel of Enrico degli Scrovegni, it was his first secular commission, this work led to further acclaim. The poet Dante lavished praise on him, and he was declared as the creator of a new era in art.
He lived in Florence for the remainder of his life where he undertook many commissions. Pope Benedict XI in Rome wanted paintings for Saint Peter’s and sent a courtier to Giotto to ask for a sample of his work. Giotto drew a perfect circle on a sheet of paper without the aid of an instrument. When the courtier took the circle to the Pope with embarrassment and explained how it was drawn, the Pope was so impressed with Giotto’s sleight of hand, he engaged him over other artists. From this event, the proverb ‘you are rounder than Giotto’s O’ meaning dull of wit, was coined.
In 1328, he worked for King Robert Anjou in Naples, thus gaining an annual pension. In 1334, he was appointed Director of the Cathedral works in Florence, this was to be his last major work, he died after an excursion to Milan in 1337. He was given the prestigious honour of a burial in the Duomo in which there remains a grand memorial tomb. To this day, he is regarded as the forefather of renaissance art.

 

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The Last Judgment

Last Judgment

Detail g

Judgment g

Detail a

Judgment a

Detail b

Judgment b

Detail d

Judjment d croped


Detail c

Judgment c

Detail e

Judgment e


Detail f

Judgment f

Birth of the Virgin

Birth of the Virgin

Bring of the Rods

Bring of the Rods to the Temple

Annunciation

Annunciation of saint Anna

The Golden Gate

Meeting at the Golden Gate

Sacrificial Offering

Joachim's Sacrificial Offering

Rejection

Rejection of Joachim's Sacrifice

Lamentation

Lamentation

Judas' Betrayal

Judas' Betrayal

Joachim's Dream

Joachim's Dream

the Shepherds

 Joachim Among the Shepherds

Expulsion

Expulsion of the Money-changers

Entry into Jerusalem

Entry into Jerusalem

Entombment

Entombment

Descent into Limbo

Descent into Limbo

Crucifixion

Crucifixion

Before Caiaphas

Christ before Caiaphas

Ascension

Ascension

Adoration

Adoration of the Magi

Last Supper

Last Supper

Marriage at Cana

Marriage at Cana

Marriage

Marriage of the Virgin

Massacre

Massacre of the Innocents

Navicella

Navicella

Mocking of Christ

Mocking of Christ

Ognissanti Madonna

Ognissanti Madonna

Pentecost

Pentecost

Presentation

Presentation of Christ at the Temple

Virgin in the Temple

Presentation of the Virgin in the Temple

Raising of Lazaru

Raising of Lazaru

Resurrection

Resurrection

Stefaneschi Triptych

The Stefaneschi Triptych

Road to Calvary

Road to Calvary

Saint Lawrence

Saint Lawrence

The Crucifixion

The Crucifixion

Crucifixion of Rimin

Crucifixion of Rimin

The Epiphany

The Epiphany

The Flight into Egypt

The Flight into Egypt

The Kiss of Judas

The Kiss of Judas

The Suitors Praying

The Suitors Praying

Washing of Feet

Washing of Feet


The Legend of Saint Francis Series
Follows.

25 Pictures

Francis-One-

Legend of Saint Francis-One-Homage of a Simple Man

Two-Saint Francis-

Two-Saint Francis Giving his Mantle to a Poor Man

Three- Dream-

Three- Dream of the Palace

Four-Miracle-

Four-Miracle of the Crucifix

Five-Renunciation-

Five-Renunciation of Wordly Goods

Six-Dream--

Six-Dream of Innocent Three

Seven-Confirmation-

Seven-Confirmation of the Rule

Eight-Vision-

Eight-Vision of the Flaming Chariot

Nine-Vision-

Nine-Vision of the Thrones

Ten-Exorcism-

Ten-Exorcism of the Demons at Arezzo

Eleven-Saint Francis-

Eleven-Saint Francis Before the Sultan-Trial by Fire

Twelve-Ecstasy-

Twelve-Ecstasy of Saint Francis

Thirteen-Institution-

Thirteen-Institution of the Crib at Greccio

Fourteen-Miracle-

Fourteen-Miracle of the Spring

Fifteen-Sermon-

Fifteen-Sermon to the Birds

Sixteen-Death-

Sixteen-Death of the Knight of Celano

Seventeen-Saint-

Seventeen-Saint Francis Preaching before Honorius Three

Eighteen-Apparition

Eighteen-Apparition at Arles

Nineteen-

Nineteen-Stigmatization of Saint Francis

Twenty-Death-

Twenty-Death and Ascension of Saint Francis

Twenty-One-

Twenty-One-Apparition to Fra Agostino and to Bishop Guido of Arezzo

Twenty-Two-

Twenty-Two-Verification of the Stigmata

Twenty-Three-

Twenty-Three-Saint Francis Mourned by Saint Clare

Twenty-Four-

Twenty-Four-Canonization of Saint Francis

Twenty-Five-

Twenty-Five-Dream of Saint Gregory