Doménikos Theotokópoulos (El Greco)

Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος-Κρής

1541-1614 born Crete/Spain-Mannerism

 

Brief Biography-Doménikos Theotokópoulos was from Candia in Crete; little is known of his life in Crete except that he started his painting career there. He was later nicknamed 'El Greco' 'The Greek' by the Spaniards who found it difficult to pronounce his name.
In 1567, he moved to Venice to further his career. Venice was where most Greek painters emigrated to, as it was the political capital at that time. During his two year stay in Venice, Titian tutored him. He went to Rome in 1572 and got introduced to Cardinal Alessandro Farnese who granted him a place in his palace. While in Rome, conjecture had it that El Greco was asked by Pope Pious V to cover Michelangelo's 'Last Judgement' figures with loin cloths; El Greco suggested painting over the frescos to paint new ones. Hence the outrage of other artists in Rome was the reason he left for Spain. However, this theory is not accepted by some as El Greco did not do frescos. They say Spanish clergymen encouraged him to move to Toledo.
Diego de Castilla, Dean of Cannons at Toledo Cathedral gave him commissions on his arrival in Spain. He was to remain in Toledo for the rest of his life. He soon had a son, Jorge Manuel, who also became a painter. El Greco established friendships with the city's intellectuals, scholars and preachers. He received commissions for all the leading churches in the town. However, his work never received the royal seal of approval from Philip II, but he continued to paint portraits of Spanish nobles as well as commissions for the religious institutions.
He lived a life somewhat above his means, and other artists saw him as ostentatious and pretentious. El Greco saw the status of a successful artist as higher than that which was accorded to artists in Spain, as opposed to their status in Italy. He took several lawsuits against patrons, demanding extra payments. In his later life, Dominico carved away much of his wealth on excessive expenditure. When he died in 1614, they interred him in a vault in the church of Santo Domingo el Antiguo. His son Jorge Manuel did not complete works on the church to pay for it, and El Greco's remains, which got taken to the monastery of San Torcuato, were destroyed.
The Spanish painter and writer Antonio Palomino wrote of Dominico Greco (He was not called El Greco until after his death). "There are of his works in Toledo, but when he found that his paintings often pass'd as Titian's, he took it in his Head to change his Manner, to such a Degree of Extravagance that his Works became despicable and ridiculous as well for the Irregularity and Dislocation of the Design, as the Disagreeableness of the Colouring."

 

 

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saint martin and
the beggar

saint martin and the beggar

saint peter
in tears

saint peter in tears

self portrait
in old age

self portrait in old age

the assumption
of the virgin

the assumption of the virgin

the burialof
count orgaz

the burialof count orgaz


A Cardinal

A Cardinal

Adoration of
the shepherds

Adoration of the Shepherds

a boy with
a candle

Boy With a Candle

Disrobing
of christ

Disrobing of Christ

The
Crucifixion

The Crucifixion

Immaculate
Conception

Immaculate Conception

Lady in Fur
Wrap

Lady in Fur Wrap

adoration of
the magi

adoration of the magi

portrait of
giulio clovio

portrait of giulio clovio

the modena
triptych

the modena triptych

the
holy trinity

the holy trinity

saint francis
receiving stigmata

saint francis receiving stigmata

the martyrdom
of saint maurice

the martyrdom of saint maurice


Toledo

A View of Toledo


Allegory

Allegory of the Camadolese Order


Annunciation

Annunciation


Baptism of Christ

The Baptism of Christ The Modena Tryptich

Jeronimo de
Cevallos

Jeronimo de Cevallos

Fray
Hortensio

Fray Hortensio Felix Paravicino y Arteaga

Louis King
of France

Louis The King of France with a Page

The Fifth
Seal

Fifth Seal of the Apocalypse

Nobleman with
Hand-

Nobleman with Hand on his Chest

Mary
Magdalen

Mary Magdalen in Penitence

Adoration of
the Name

The Adoration of the Name of Jesus

Saint Jerome
as Cardinal

Saint
Sebastian

Saint Sebastian

Saint
Veronica

Saint Veronica Holding the Veil

Saint
Ildefonso

Saint Ildefonso

The Holy
Family

The Holy Family with Saint Ann

The Last
Supper

The Last Supper

The
Trinity

The Trinity

The
Visitation

The Visitation

Vincenzo
Anastagi

Vincenzo Anastagi

saint
joseph

saint joseph