Lucas Cranach, The Elder

1472-1553 Germany-Renaissance

 

Brief Biography-Lucas Cranach, the Elder was from Cronbach in Upper Franconia, from where he took his name.  He received training in his youth from his father Hans who was also an artist. In 1493, Lucas visited the Holy Land with the Elector Frederick of Saxony and the Duke Christopher of Bavaria. In Nuremberg, he may have viewed the work of Albrecht Durer.
Lucas first gained a reputation for his work in Vienna doing portraits.  In 1505, he worked in Wittenberg mostly for Frederick the Wise, Elector of Saxony who founded the University of Wittenberg. Lucas married Barbara Brengbier and had five children, two of his sons worked for him in his workshop. He decorated the Elector's buildings and painted numerous portraits of his family and courtiers. When Martin Luther arrived in Wittenberg and eventually stayed under the protection of the Elector, Cranach became involved in his work, and they were said to be close friends.
Cranach increased the number of sacred altarpieces he was doing; he also continued to do commissions for Catholic patrons. By this time, Lucas had a successful workshop and did well buying and letting property in Wittenberg. He also had a thriving wine selling business. In 1525, Cranach went into business with Christian Doring the court jeweller, setting up a printing firm and they financed the publishing of the first part of Luther's Bible.
He became Burgomaster of Wittenberg on a few occasions. In 1537, his eldest son Hans who was successful in his work, died while travelling in Italy. In 1540, his wife died, and his other son Lucas helped him run the workshop. The Catholic Emperor besieged Wittenberg in 1544 and after John Frederick's defeat at Muhlberg Cranach went with him to Weimar where he died in 1553.

 

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electors of saxony

the electors of saxony

The Martyrdom

Martyrdom of Saint Catherine

Portrait Diptych

Portrait Diptych

Law and Gospel

Law and Gospel

apollo and diana

apollo and diana in forest landscape

blessing the children

christ blessing the children

cupid complaining

cupid complaining to venus[

johann friedrich

johann friedrich

madonna

madonna under the fir tree

princess sibylle

princess sibylle of cleve

water nymph

reclining water nymph

lamentation of christ

the lamentation of christ

venus and cupid

venus and cupid

the honey thief

venus and cupid the honey thief

venus

venus

johannes cuspinian

portrait of dr johannes cuspinian

in honour of charles

hunt in honour of charles the v at castle torgau

Hunt

Hunt in honour of Charles the Fifth

Anna Cuspinian

Portrait of Anna Cuspinian

Judgement of Paris

Judgement of Paris

Lucretia

Lucretia

The Fee

The Fee

Judith with the Head

Judith with the head of Holofernes

Holy Kinship (left)

Holy Kinship (left wing)

Holy Kinship (center)

Holy Kinship (central panel)

Holy Kinship (right)

Holy Kinship (right wing)

Samson's Fight

Samson's fight with the Lion

Fountain of Youth

The Fountain of Youth

David and Bathsheba

David and Bathsheba

The Adulteress

Christ and the Adulteress

Rest on the Flight

Rest on the Flight into Egypt

Melancholy

An Allegory of melancholy

The Feast of Herod

The Feast of Herod

Death of Holofernes

Death of Holofernes

Cardinal Albrecht

Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg as Saint Jerome in His Study

Saint Jerome Writing

Saint Jerome Writing in a Landscape

St Jerome in Desert

Saint Jerome in the Desert

Salome

Salome

Christ's Head

Christ's Head with Crown of Thorns

Crucifixion

Crucifixion with the Converted Centurion

Adam and Eve

Adam and Eve

Apollo and Diana

 Apollo and Diana

Caritas (Charity)

Caritas (Charity)

Judgement of Paris 2

Judgment of Paris

Plague Picture

Plague Picture

The Trinity

The Trinity

Beheading of John

Beheading of John the Baptist

Saint Catherine

Beheading of Saint Catherine

Judith and Holofernes

Judith Dining with Holofernes

Lot and his Daughters

Lot and his Daughters

Mystic Marriage

Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine

Martyrdom

Martyrdom of Saint Catherine

Bocca della Verita

The Bocca della Verita

Saint Stephen

Saint Stephen of Hungary

Saint Valentine

Saint Valentine with a Donor

Henry the Pious

Henry the Pious Duke of Saxony

A Prince of Saxony

A Prince of Saxony

A Princess of Saxony

A Princess of Saxony

Shaven Young Man

Clean Shaven Young Man

Ill Matched Couple

Ill Matched Couple

Ill Matched Couple

Ill Matched Couple Young Widow and Old Man

A Bearded Man

Portrait of a Bearded Man

Portrait of a Woman

Portrait of a Woman

A Girl

Portrait of a Girl

peter and paul

Doctor Scheyring

Doctor Johannes Scheyring

Saint Helena

Saint Helena

cardinal albrecht

cardinal albrecht of brandenburg as saint jerome in his study two

christ at the column

christ at the column adored by saints

crucifixion

crucifixion

dorothea

dorothea

frederick the wise

elector frederick the wise in his old age

john the steadfast

elector john the steadfast of saxony

housealtar of william

housealtar of count william ii of hessen

johannes geiler

johannes geiler von kaysersberg

judith with the head

judith with the head of holofernes

justice

justice as a naked woman with sword and scales

martin luther

martin luther

portrait of a donor

portrait of a donor

a young man

portrait of a young man

beneath the cross

pieta beneath the cross

the golden age

the golden age

a young woman

portrait of a young woman

charles the fifth

portrait of charles the fifth

martin luther

portrait of martin luther

princess maria

portrait of princess maria of saxony

the jurist's wife

portrait of the jurist's wife

saint mary magdalen

saint mary magdalen

stigmatisation

stigmatisation of saint francis

the holy kinship

the holy kinship with a self portrait

the paradise

the paradise

penance of jerome

the penance of saint jerome by Lucas Cranach the Elder

holy kinship triptych

triptych with the holy kinship

virgin and child

virgin and child on a crescent moon

virgin & child grapes

virgin and child with grapes

mother with child

young mother with child

suicide of lucretia

the suicide of lucretia